Painting An Eye In Acrylic Step By Step
This video describes the Eye painting techniques with Acrylic color.
Though I prefer to use a canvas for my Oils of Acrylic paintings, in this demo I have used an A4 size 125 gsm Paper. Just to save a canvas for another project.
So, what is the point of using a paper then? It is definitely not the right choice for professionals. But it will save you a lot in terms of money if you just want to practice your Acrylics or even Oils. It will not give you the feel of canvas, but your practice will not stop. Because it is cheap for practice.
For this demo, I have used three golden nylon brushes, one is size "0" round and the other two are flat & round of size 9. In this example, I have committed myself to primary colors like Cobalt Blue, Cadmium Yellow Medium, and Crimson/Scarlet Lake to achieve a lighter skin tone.
Drawing The Eye
It is always better to start a painting with a proper sketch. It will help to avoid any mistakes at the beginning itself. In this case, I am using a 2B pencil. No detailing is required but the main elements of the eye should be prominent in the sketch. The above sketch shows the main components of a human eye when observing closely.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 1
As I am using a paper instead of a primed canvas, the water prone to absorb onto the paper and it may ruin the whole process of painting. To counter this, I have used a thin coat of white and yellow mixture over the pencil sketch to block it. It will now act as a primed surface.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 2
In this stage, I have applied a very thin coat using a mixture of Crimson with Cadmium Yellow and little White. To preserve the main structure of the eye, I have applied a dark lining over the main lines with Cobalt Blue and Crimson mixture.
My Colour Palette
I am not using a dedicated palette for this demo. Instead, I am using a thermocol disposable plate. I am using only the primary colors to make it simple understandable. To keep my colors moist for a longer time, I always use a water mist spray bottle.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 3
The process continues to darken the colors layer by layer. Iris color is achieved by using Cobalt Blue, White and a pinch of Cadmium Yellow. Remember, the white portion of the eye is not actually pure white. But an off shade of White. Which is again achieved by using White and a pinch of Blue and Scarlet Lake in it.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 4
If you mix all the primary colors almost equally, you will get a brown tint. Which is suitable for eyebrow color for this painting. I am using my flat brush to achieve the impression of the eyebrows. No need to work for every hair detail in this stage.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 5
In this stage, I have applied many thin layers of colors to achieve the desired shades and highlighted areas of the eyes. This technique is often called glazing. In Acrylics, you don't need to worry if you made a mistake while applying colors. Just wait for a moment to dry and apply the next coat over it to correct. A small brush is used to color the pupil and iris area of the eye. Again, I am building the texture, not the detailing.
Drawing The Eye, Stage 6, Finishing Touches
It's the time to add some more detailing, like the eyelashes, blood vessels on the white part of the eye, reflection on the pupil or the texture of the iris and correcting the skin tone. All are achieved using the small size "0" brush only. It's okay to use direct White for the reflection on the pupil or the watery consistency near the lines of the lower lid and white part of the eye.
So, next time if you are thinking of using canvas for a quick practice session, think it twice. You just need a piece of paper instead. That is why I love acrylics for their versatility. It can be applied to almost any surfaces that you can imagine. What you need, is just a good idea.