Steps for Painting Eye in Acrylics:
Though my first choice is a canvas for any type of painting, whether it is Oils of Acrylics, for this demo I have used an A4 125 gsm Paper. Why? just to save a canvas for another project.
So, what is the point of using a paper then? It is definitely not the right choice for professionals. Me too. But it will save you a lot in terms of money if you just want to practice your Acrylics or even Oils. It will not give you the feel of canvas, but your practice will not stop. Because it will come cheap for practice.
For this demo, I have used three golden nylon brushes, one is size “0” and other two are of size 9, one flat and one round. In this example, I have committed myself to primary colors like Cobalt Blue, Cadmium Yellow Medium, and Crimson/Scarlet Lake to achieve lighter skin tone.
Sketch it First:
It is always better to start a painting with a proper sketch. It will help to avoid any mistakes in the beginning itself. In this case, I am using a 2B pencil. No detailing is needed but the main elements of the eye should be prominent in the sketch. The above sketch shows the main components of a human eye which is visible from close up.
Steps That I Followed:
As I am using a paper instead of primed canvas, the water prone to absorb onto the paper and it will make difficulties in the whole process of painting. To counter this, I have used a thin coat of white over the pencil sketch to block it. It will now act as a primed surface.
I have applied a very thin coat using a mixture of Crimson with Cadmium Yellow and little White. I put a dark lining over the main lines with Cobalt Blue and Crimson mixture.
The process continues thickening the colors layer by layer. Iris color is achieved by using Cobalt Blue, White and a pinch of Cadmium Yellow. Remember, the white portion of the eye is not actually pure white. But an off shade of White. Which is again achieved by using White and a pinch of Blue and Scarlet Lake in it.
Layering and Glazing:
In this stage, I have applied many thin layers of colors one above the others to achieve the desired shades and highlighted areas of the eyes. In Acrylics, you don’t have to worry about applying a wrong color. Because it can be rectified quickly applying another coat over it after drying. A small brush is used to color the pupil and iris area of the eye.
In this example, the Brown eyebrow color is a mixture of Cadmium Yellow and Scarlet Lake and a pinch of Cobalt Blue.
The Final Touches:
It’s the time to go for adding details of the eye, like the eyelashes, blood vessels on the white part of the eye, reflection on the pupil or the texture of the iris and the skin tone. All are achieved using the small size “0” brush only. It’s okay to use direct White for the reflection on the pupil or the watery consistency near the lines of the lower lid and white part of the eye.
So, next time when you are thinking about westing a piece of canvas for a quick practice session. Think it twice. A piece of paper is what you need. That is why I love acrylics for its versatility. It can be applied to almost all surfaces that you can imagine. What we need, is just a good idea.